Canada announced last week that it was suspending its extradition agreement with Hong Kong as part of the legislation and would encourage immigration from the former British colony. This non-implementation puts Australia in a difficult position. The usual extradition procedures between countries with important and complex bilateral relations will no longer be available. The federal government announced today that it will not continue to ratify an extradition agreement with China. This followed strong signs that the Senate would prevent it from coming into force. On Tuesday, the European Union began limiting technology exports to Hong Kong, which could be used for repression or repression. The EU on Friday adopted sanctions, trade restrictions and the revision of visa agreements with the territory in response to the Security Act. The document came into effect on Tuesday. “That is why China has decided to suspend Hong Kong`s extradition agreements and mutual criminal assistance agreements with Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom.” The treaty contains most of the usual protection against persons extradited to China, where their human rights would be violated. But a major omission is the guarantee that extradition would not be allowed if it were “unfair or oppressive.” Britain suspended its extradition treaty last week following actions by Australia and Canada and said the security law had “significantly changed key assumptions,” including a provision to try certain cases in mainland China. The decision not to hold the extradition treaty creates an abnormal situation in which Australia does not have bilateral extradition agreements with its largest bilateral trading partner for goods and services. The two-way movement of students, tourists and businessmen is very important.
It is inevitable that situations in which a valid extradition request can be made either by Australia or by China. China has suspended Hong Kong`s extradition agreements with Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom as part of a “for Tat” initiative after china made similar decisions on its controversial new security law. Since the law was passed last week, Canada has also suspended its extradition treaty, while the United Kingdom has offered citizenship options to Hong Kong residents. Australia has suspended its extradition agreement with Hong Kong over fears of a new national security law imposed by China. It is assumed that the announcement will affect a decades-long agreement that will facilitate basic police cooperation between Australia and Hong Kong, although it is not certain that an Australian federal police office will be able to stop its activities in the city. Canada has suspended its extradition agreement with Hong Kong and is exploring other options, including migration. Prime Minister Scott Morrison said the law introduced last week in Hong Kong was a fundamental change in circumstances and that Australia would suspend the extradition agreement. “China has decided to suspend extradition agreements between Hong Kong and Canada, Australia and Britain, as well as cooperation agreements in the field of criminal justice,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said at a regular briefing, accusing countries of using the national security law as an “excuse for unilaterally announcing the suspension of extradition agreements” with Hong Kong. Prime Minister Scott Morrison said on Thursday that the National Security Act was “a fundamental change in the circumstances of our extradition agreement with Hong Kong” and that Australia had formally communicated the decision to Hong Kong and the Chinese authorities.