For the East and Southern Africa region, Mauritius, Seychelles, Zimbabwe and Madagascar signed an EPA in 2009. The agreement has been implemented on an interim basis since 14 May 2012. ConcordEs Vision for the future partnership agreement BETWEEN the EU and ACP countries Anyone interested in the agreement can submit information or questions by email or postal at any time. For more information: email@example.com Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat Ratu Sukuna Road, Suva, Fiji. The agreement, signed in 2001 covering trade and political relations between the EU and ACP countries, was due to expire in March. However, discussions have been postponed several times, largely due to internal divisions between EU member states and ACP countries, and the new treaty will not enter into force until December 2021 at the earliest. The EU will work towards a comprehensively revised agreement, based on a common basis at THE ACP level, in conjunction with three bespoke regional partnerships for Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific. CONCORD presents a list of recommendations to put in place the most effective and useful mechanisms and elements of integration and defence of the role and space of civil society in the post-2020 EU-ACP agreement. In response to the European Commission`s communication, CONCORD has drawn up recommendations to put man and the planet at the heart of the future agreement.
The EU has negotiated a series of Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) with the 79 ACP countries. These agreements aim to create a common trade and development partnership, supported by development aid. This has led to the threat of a veto by the European Parliament if it does not have guarantees that there will be sufficient parliamentary control over the agreement. In addition to regional protocols, the new agreement will also replace the Joint Parliamentary Assembly, composed of MePs from the European Parliament and ACP parliamentarians, with three separate joint assemblies for Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific. The heads of state and government of the EC and Acp Africa met in Eswatini to discuss the needs and priorities of the future EU-Africa pillar in the post-Cotonou framework. The Cotonou Partnership Agreement is a comprehensive and legally binding framework that defines relations between the ACP countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP) and the EU. It was signed in 2000 for a 20-year period between 79 ACP countries and 28 EU member states (27 years after Brexit). It is based on three complementary pillars: development cooperation, economic and trade cooperation and the political dimension.
The main objective of the agreement is to reduce and eradicate poverty and promote the integration of ACP countries into the global economy. It is mainly funded by the European Development Fund (EDF), a financial instrument outside the general budget of the European Union which has made a significant contribution to the Pacific region, both nationally and regionally, with non-refundable subsidies. The Cotonou Partnership Agreement expires in February 2020 and formal negotiations on a new partnership agreement between governments began in October 2018. However, when it comes to trade, the controversial EPAs remain unchanged. They have been widely criticised for pursuing unbalanced trade relations between the EU and African countries and have not been ratified by many African countries. Perhaps the most radical amendment introduced by the Cotonou Agreement concerns trade cooperation. Since the first Lomé Convention in 1975, the EU has not granted reciprocal trade preferences to ACP countries. However, under the Cotonou Agreement, this system has been replaced by the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), a new regime that came into force in 2008. The new regime provides for reciprocal trade agreements, which means that not only does the EU grant duty-free access to its ACP export markets, but also that ACP countries grant duty-free access to their own markets for EU exports.